Curriculum

Curriculum

The primary focus of the residents’ training is providing pharmacy services to hospital inpatients. The program is composed of 9 required rotations/learning experiences. Residents may choose to repeat required rotations in place of some of the elective options depending on interest.

Click on any of the Rotations below for more information.

*Staffing/Distribution - 8 Weeks

*Staffing/Distribution - 8 Weeks
*Staffing/Distribution - 8 Weeks

Learning Experience: Hospital Pharmacy Practice

Preceptor: Nadine Gilmore, R.Ph.

The resident will be responsible for interpreting prescriber medication orders for accuracy and acting as a drug information resource to medical staff, nursing staff, and ancillary department personnel. The resident will gain an understanding of USP <797> requirements involving hazardous and non-hazardous drug compounding, TPN order management, and pharmacokinetic dosing. The resident will also gain an understanding of automated drug distribution systems to include computer prescriber order entry, electronic medical records, automated dispensing cabinets, and bedside barcode medication administration. After successfully completing this rotation, the resident will be capable of fulfilling the service requirement component of the residency experience.

*Clinical Practice - 4 Weeks

*Clinical Practice - 4 Weeks
*Clinical Practice - 4 Weeks

Learning Experience: Clinical Practice

Preceptor: Stephanie Puckett, Pharm.D. , BCPS

During this rotation the resident will review the general principles of pharmacokinetics, nutritional support and pain management. The resident will spend 4 weeks managing a variety of protocols including aminoglycoside dosing, vancomycin dosing, nutritional support, IV to PO conversions, renal dosing and pain management. The resident will participate on the nutritional support team and learn how to estimate nutritional needs, monitor patient response and adjust regimens for patients with a variety of medical conditions (renal failure, hepatic failure, etc). The resident will have the opportunity to provide pain management and monitor difficult cases. The resident will further apply the skills learned during this experience to the management of drug therapy in more complex situations experienced later in the program

*Internal Medicine - 5 Weeks

*Internal Medicine - 5 Weeks
*Internal Medicine - 5 Weeks

Learning Experience: Internal Medicine

Preceptor: Amanda Keith, Pharm.D., BCPS, Julie Flint, Pharm.D., BCPS

Internal medicine is a required 5-week learning experience designed to increase the resident’s knowledge of pharmacotherapy and promote critical and independent thinking skills. This rotation teaches evidence-based patient-centered care as provided on general medical units. Residents will identify potential drug therapy problems, design and modify drug regimens, and monitor therapy. Daily activities include pharmacokinetic monitoring, nutritional management, and communicating with healthcare providers and patients. The resident will provide drug information and education for providers, patients, and students. Common diseases to be discussed include: infectious diseases, thromboembolic disease, renal failure (acute & chronic), diabetes mellitus and associated complications, cardiovascular conditions, and asthma & COPD (acute care management).

*Critical Care - 5 Weeks

*Critical Care - 5 Weeks
*Critical Care - 5 Weeks

Learning Experience: Critical Care

Preceptor: Jeff Duncan, Pharm.D. , BCPS, BCNSP

The Critical Care Rotation consists of prospective chart reviews, clinical consults and the nutritional management of patients in the Medical and Surgical Trauma Intensive Care units. These units consist of 23 intensive care beds where patients are managed daily by a 6 physician Pulmonology/Critical Care Medicine practice. The critical care service relies on pharmacists for monitoring and intervening in the pharmacotherapy of severely ill patients. The resident is exposed to a variety of disease states and medication management experiences during the rotation

Long Term Acute Care - 4 Weeks

Long Term Acute Care - 4 Weeks
Long Term Acute Care - 4 Weeks

Learning Experience: Long-Term Acute Care

Preceptor: Dan Payne, III, Pharm.D., BCPS

This is a 4 week rotation in the PGY1 pharmacy residency program. This rotation trains residents to provide care to patients admitted to a 36 bed long-term acute care (LTAC) hospital. The residents become fully integrated with the LTAC interdisciplinary team, round on a daily basis with an LTAC physician and focus on managing drug therapy in patients with multiple medical problems.

The core content is covered via patient experiences; discussions of reading materials; and/or case presentation, and includes a review of:

  • Management of Common Infectious Diseases
  • Antimicrobial Stewardship
  • Development of medication regimens based on estimated and calculated pharmacokinetic parameters
  • Management and Prevention of Thromboembolic Disease
  • Management of Chronic/Acute Renal Failure
  • Management of Seizure Disorders
  • Nutrition Support

*Neonatal Intensive Care - 4 Weeks

*Neonatal Intensive Care - 4 Weeks
*Neonatal Intensive Care - 4 Weeks

Learning Experience: Neonatal Intensive Care

Preceptor: Julie Flint, Pharm.D. , BCPS

The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Virginia Baptist Hospital is a Level IIIA nursery with 21 beds. This rotation teaches the essentials of caring for neonatal patients, including disease states, and drug dosing with an emphasis on the safe and effective use of medications. Residents will attend daily rounds and be an active member of the neonatal healthcare team. Areas of focus include:

  • Growth and development
  • Nutrition support
  • Hyperbilirubinemia of prematurity
  • Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic differences in neonates
  • Treatment of neonatal sepsis/meningitis
  • Treatment of neonatal seizures
  • Therapeutic drug monitoring
  • Neonatal abstinence syndrome
  • Treatment of apnea and bradycardia of prematurity

*Pharmacy Leadership - 3 Weeks

*Pharmacy Leadership - 3 Weeks
*Pharmacy Leadership - 3 Weeks

Pharmacy Leadership (3 Week Rotation and Longitudinal Experience)

Preceptors:
Nadine Gilmore, R.Ph.
Randall Puckett, Pharm.D., BCPS

The three week rotation provides leadership training and gives the resident an opportunity to perform some of the tasks that are routinely performed by the pharmacy administrators. The resident will work directly with the director and operations managers at the various campuses. The resident will be exposed to the real time challenges in operations, human resources management, project management, financial management, quality assurance, medication safety, regulatory preparedness and policy development.

In addition there will be numerous longitudinal experiences as the resident participates in the work of the Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee, the Institutional Review Board, the Medication Safety Committee and the Centra Leadership Committee. 

*Infectious Disease - 5 Weeks

*Infectious Disease - 5 Weeks
*Infectious Disease - 5 Weeks

Learning Experience: Infectious Disease

Preceptors:
Stephanie Puckett, Pharm.D., BCPS
Julie Flint, Pharm.D., BCPS

Infectious Disease is a 5-week required learning experience. The resident will develop a broad understanding of the pharmacotherapy of a wide variety of infectious diseases. The resident will be responsible for monitoring patients and participating in Antimicrobial Stewardship rounds with the preceptor and an ID physician. Activities include formulating individual monitoring plans, making recommendations on patient management, and monitoring patients’ drug therapy. Topics of discussion will include management of common infectious diseases: Community Acquired Pneumonia, Hospital Acquired Pneumonia, Skin and Soft tissue infections, Urinary Tract Infections, Bacteremia, Endocarditis, Meningitis, and Osteomyelitis.

Clinical Informatics - 2 Weeks (Elective)

Clinical Informatics - 2 Weeks (Elective)
Clinical Informatics - 2 Weeks (Elective)

Learning Experience: Clinical Informatics

Preceptors:
Kurt Bell, R.Ph., MSHA

The purpose of this rotation will be to teach the pharmacy resident how informatics can benefit all areas of pharmacy including clinical, administration, patient safety, and staffing work flow. The resident will create and query data for clinical rounding reports, design rules and warning messages for staff order entry reminders, and analyze inventory costs and volumes for management. The learning experience will also offer the resident an opportunity to understand how systems and technology are used to meet HITSP standards and core measure guidelines, develop order sets using evidence-based medicine, and promote medication safety throughout the hospital system.

*Adult Medicine & Pediatrics Team - 5 Weeks

*Adult Medicine & Pediatrics Team - 5 Weeks
*Adult Medicine & Pediatrics Team - 5 Weeks

Learning Experience: Family Medicine/Pediatrics

Preceptor: Jeffrey Shearin, Pharm.D., BCPS

During this 5-week required learning experience, the pharmacy resident will round with the Family Medicine team which consists of pharmacists, medical students, interns, residents and attending physicians. The pharmacy resident will experience both inpatient and outpatient clinical pharmacy training, will train family medicine residents and will practice incorporating scientific evidence into the routine use of medication. Daily activities will include monitoring adult and pediatric patients on the inpatient service, rounding with the team, researching drug information questions, and providing formal and informal presentations.

Other Elective - 4 Weeks

Other Elective - 4 Weeks
Other Elective - 4 Weeks

There is sufficient flexibility within the program to allow the resident to repeat a required rotation or develop a unique 5 week experience after meeting certain requirements and receiving the approval of the program director.

Teaching and Learning Curriculum Program - Elective

Teaching and Learning Curriculum Program - Elective
Teaching and Learning Curriculum Program - Elective

Centra Pharmacy Residency will offer a teaching certificate in conjunction with Shenandoah School of Pharmacy. Residents are required to complete all pre-class assignments and view all pedagogy seminars live, in order to participate in the discussion. To meet the requirements, Centra Pharmacy Residents will: develop and deliver 2 formal didactic lectures (1 hour each), develop and deliver 2 small group facilitations (45 min each) in the form of a journal club, precept an APPE student in a rotation that has been completed by the resident, write a teaching philosophy statement, and design an electronic teaching portfolio. The specifics of the program are detailed below.

The Shenandoah University Pharmacy Residency Teaching and Learning Curriculum Program (RTLCP) is a collaborative program between the School of Pharmacy and School of Education and Human Development that combines both the knowledge and practice of teaching in a comprehensive year-long program.  Now starting its ninth year, the program has been very successful in further developing participants’ teaching skills that have been applied in varied practice settings, including academia and practice.  Through the use of synchronous and asynchronous technology and equivalent practice experiences done at the residency sites, residents and preceptors from distant residency sites also took the program in 2014-15 for a total of 12 different programs covering 5 states.  With recent technology and programmatic enhancements, participants in the 2015-16 RTLCP will get a relevant, comprehensive and user-friendly educational experience that can be applied in many settings for the future.

*Required

In addition, each resident will have longitudinal experiences that will include participation on various committees including the Pharmacy & Therapeutics Committee and the Medication Safety Committee.

Residents are expected to attend the ASHP Midyear Clinical meeting and the Eastern States Residency Conference where they will present their residency project.

Residents will also have the opportunity to learn to precept APPE and IPPE pharmacy students.

Each resident will be required to fulfill a service requirement equivalent to one eight hour shift per week.

Optional Residency Teaching and Learning Curriculum Program in conjunction with Shenandoah University.